Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. Various factors influence how your skin scars. Of course, the depth and size of the wound or incision and the location of the injury are going to impact the scar’s characteristics.
But your age, heredity, even your sex or ethnicity, will all affect how your skin reacts.
These are several different types of scars including:
- Keloid scar – is a tough heaped-up scar that rises quite abruptly above the rest of the skin. It usually has a smooth top and a pink or purple color. Keloids are irregularly shaped and tend to enlarge progressively. Unlike scars, keloids do not subside over time.
- Contracture scar – if your skin has been burned, you may have a contracture scar, which causes tightening of skin that can impair your ability to move; additionally, this type of scar may go deeper to affect muscles and nerves.
- Hypertrophic scar – raised and red scars that are similar to keloids, but do not breach the boundaries of the injury site. Possible treatments can include injections of steroids to reduce inflammation.
- Acne scar – if you’ve had severe acne, you probably have the scars to prove it. There are many types of acne scars, ranging from deep pits to scars that are angular or wavelike in appearance. Possible treatments will depend on the types of acne scars you have.
The treatments for scars will vary depending on multiple factors, including obviously different types of scars mentioned in last paragraph.
Scar treatments include:
- Surgical removal or treatment
- Injections (anti-inflammatory drugs, collagen, etc.)
- Dermabrasion+ Chemical peeling
- Medical tattoo.